Kung Fu Tea: The Preparation
Kung Fu Tea (also called Kung Fu Cha, Gong Fu Tea and Gong Fu Cha) is a tea brewing process.
In Chinese, Cha means tea. For Kung Fu, you might be familiar with one of it’s more popular meanings – Chinese martial arts. But it has more meanings in Chinese – hard work, labor, level of achievement, skill, free time, etc.
Kung Fu Cha is the Chinese tea brewing process that has a little bit of ALL these meanings – you will find out why when you go through the whole process yourself.
What classes of tea are appropriate for Kung Fu Tea? Oolong class. Kung Fu Cha uses Yixing teapots (more info on Yixing teapots) that retain a high temperature during brewing. High temperature is what it takes to extract flavor from Oolong. However, tender tea classes like green tea should NOT be brewed with Kung Fu Cha.
What Do We Look For in Kung Fu Cha?
We look for the right combination of amount of tea leave, water temperature, brewing time, etc. to make a good cup of tea. And keep in mind that Kung Fu Cha offers an advantage over other brewing – higher water temperature.
The procedure set out in the coming pages are just basic steps. Feel free to modify the steps (e.g. putting the Yixing teapot in a hot water bath to slow down heat loss, etc.) if such steps give you a better cup of tea.
What Equipment Do I Need?
- Yixing teapot (must) – Yixing teapot is slow in losing heat. Small (personal preference is below 6 oz) and deep teapot is preferable for best result. For convenience, bigger teapots can be used (the trade off is a lesser degree of control over flavor).
- Teacups (must) – that is, if you don’t want to drink direct from the teapot. 3-4 cups of about 1 oz each is fine, depending on the size of the teapot.
- Kung Fu Tea Tray (not a must) – quite a bit of spill and waste water is produced during the process. The tea tray holds such water so you don’t have to wipe it off the table. It might seem to be just for convenience but it’s BIG convenience.
- Tea Tools (optional) – in the tool set, there are tea shuffle, funnel, tongs, digger, tea needle.
- You won’t get into much trouble though if you brew without the tool set.
- Tea (must) – need no expert to tell tea is a must.
- Faircup (optional) – transitional container when teacups are full but tea in teapot has to be emptied to avoid overbrewing.
- Tea Strainer (optional) – screens out small pieces of tea leaves.
- A pair of hands (must), and perhaps your mouth too.
- Source of hot water (must) – Sorry, please don’t try to look it up in the PIC above because it’s not there. You can use a variety of source, say, a pot heated on stove, an electronic heating pot, etc. Just make sure whatever you use can give you boiling water.
How To Brew Kung Fu Tea
- Preparation stance. On your mark … ready … Go! Use tea shuffle to add tea to the teapot.
- Oops, forget all about the tea funnel. Should use it if the opening of the teapot is small.
- Tea rinse round starts -add hot water and fill teapot until it overflows a little. You will find foam floating on top. Brush it away with the lid.
- Let water stay for a few seconds before pouring it out. Use the water to wash the teacups too.
- Pouring … Other than washing the tea leaves, the rinse round allows the teapot to heat up before the brewing starts. Remember, high temperature is the key to Kung Fu tea.
- Use the tongs to wash teacups. Have I mentioned the water coming from this round is not for drinking? If you have already did, never mind. It’s not poisonous.
- Make it a habit to pour used water over the teapot, and run hot water over the teapot after washing to keep the temperature of the teapot as high as possible. Some people put the teapot in a hot water bath.
- Round 1 of tea brewing starts – hot water into the teapot. Don’t mind me repeating myself like an old man – high temperature is king. The water has to be as hot as possible. Fill till it spills a little. For the sake of having all the gadgets stay in the PIC, one thing is done wrong here. The water is supposed to be poured from high, non-stop, in a circular motion around the rim to spread heat evenly to prevent Se.
- Cover the teapot. Some tea will be squeezed out of the very full teapot but that is fine. The tea tray is there to catch the spill for you.
- After a minute or so, first few cups of tea are ready. Now pour tea into the teacups. Easy?
- NO! That is one of the steps that requires a lot of Kung Fu *** (see below for detail).
- Be my guest. Tea buddies, don’t thank me for all the work I’ve put into making these few ounces of tea. I like doing it.
How To Pour Kung Fu Tea
- Tea has to be poured low to minimize escaping of aroma.
- To be qualified a skillful brewer, the color of the tea in the 3 teacups has be the same (last drop of tea that comes out of the teapot is darker as it gets more brewing time). 2 tricks are used:
- “General Gwan Patrols City” – pour tea in a circular motion into all the teacups at the same time. Some tea would be spilled between cups but that is allowed.
- “Han Xin (also a general) Counts Soldiers” – the rule is to pour the last drop of tea out of the teapot because you don’t want the brewing to continue inside the teapot. So at the end if the pouring, hold the teapot about 6-12 inches above a teacup, secure the lid with your thumb (like in step 11), accelerate towards the teacup, breaks just above the teacup and let gravity draw the last few drops of tea. Repeat that with all the teacups.
- If the teacups can’t hold all the tea, use the faircup. Just make sure no tea stays in the teapot after brewing time is up.
The Second Round of Brewing
- Come on, what are you waiting for?
- While the slow drinkers are enjoying their tea, round 2 brewing starts.
- The drinker should i) finish the tea in one go. Don’t leave half a cup of tea on the tray and chat; ii) empty the cup before receiving the next cup …
- Pour it onto the tea tray … you don’t want the leftover drops to affect the flavor of the next cup.
- Kung Fu Tea Step 7
- Kung Fu Tea Step 8
- The wait for round 2 is over, but we have some slow drinkers on board. So the tea is poured into the faircup to stop the tea from being overbrewed.
- Mr. Slow finally picks up his cup of tea. Tea from round 2 is distributed.
- Round 2 is still on …
- Be my guest …
Doing The Dishes
After all the fun, you are left with a pot of tea leaves.
- Use the tea digger from the tea tool set to dig out the tea leaves. If you don’t have a digger, your index finger will work fine.
- Use the tea needle to pick the spout. But most teapots have strainers at the base of the spout so this step may be saved.
- Rinse teapot and teacups. Leave them in a cool, shadowed place to dry.
Some tea drinkers prefer to leave brewed tea leaves inside the teapot to “nurture” the teapot.
Yixing teapots do absorb more flavor and take on a fuller color after absorbing the essence of tea. But that is in fact not a good move. Read more on maintaining Yixing teapots.